Possessive pronouns indicate who possesses (owns) something.
The older second person singular thy,
Southern Scots, or thee, [ði]
in Northern and [di:]
in Insular Scots, stil survives to some extent. The
from thine only survives in Insular Scots as
'dine(s)s'. Where thy/thee
and thine(s) are used as the
familiar form by parents speaking to children, elders
to youngsters, or between friends or equals and your(s)
used formally when speaking to a superior or when
a youngster addresses an elder.
His may be contracted 's in unemphatic positions.
Jeams sang for's daily breid.James sang for his daily bread.
He'll no tak ane o's dugs.
He'll not take one of his dogs.
He left wi's ain coat.
He left with his own coat.
He's awa tae's wark.
He's off to work.
The older form thy (second
person singular) survived in most dialects until the
mid-nineteenth century and still exists to some extent
in Southern, North Northern ('thee') and Insular
Although the following qualitative
are singular the possessive pronoun referring to them
is used in the plural.
Awbody haes thair ain draff-poke
Everyone has his own draff-sack
(i.e. fault) to carry.
Somebody's left thair fitmerks
Someone has left his footprints
It's no aft onybody finds thair
It is seldom that anyone finds
his way here.
Ilk ane's tae dae thair bit
for the kirk fête.
Everyone has to do his bit
for the church fête.
Note the following usage of possessive
Come awa tae yer tea.Come
along to tea.
A haena gotten ma denner yet.
I haven't had lunch yet.
He's awa hame til his supper.
He has gone home for supper.
Used predictively or absolutely.
1. Person singular:
wirs / *oors
2. Person singular:
3. Person singular:
The older form thine survives only in Insular
varieties as 'dine(s)', where thy 'dy' and thine(s) are used
as the familiar form by parents speaking to children,
elders to youngsters, or between friends or equals, and your(s)
is used formally when speaking to a superior or when a younger
person addresses an elder.
That's ma auld tour.That
is my old tower.
That auld byre's mines.That
that old cow shed is mine.
Hit's nae guid ava.It's
no good at all.
Are ye siccar that's yours?Are
you sure that is yours?
Yer hoose is fawin doun
but thairs isna.Your
house is falling down but theirs isn't.
Thair schame for tae mak
siller's mair better nor his.Their
plan to make money is better than his.
Lippen til her; she kens
wir thochties anent it.
Trust her; she knows our ideas